Centro Espírita Dr. Adolfo Bezerra de Menezes

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Dr. Adolfo Bezerra de Menezes


Dr. Adolfo Bezerra de Menezes Name: Adolfo Bezerra de Menezes Cavalcanti.
Place of Birth: Riacho do Sangue - CE
Birth: August 29th of 1831
Death: April 11th of 1900
Profession: Medic, Editor and Politician (city councilor, mayor, backbencher and senator)
Family: 1st wife - Maria Cândida de Lacerda (she died on March 24th , 1863, he had 2 children with her); 2nd wife - Cândida Augusta de Lacerda Machado (he had 7 children with her).
Literary: he Haunted House; Madness under a New Prism; Spiritism as a Teogonic Philosophy (A letter from Bezerra de Menezes); Marriage and Shround; Black Pearl; Gospel of the Future. He also translate the book Posthumous Works of Allan Kardec.


Descendant from an old family in the state of Ceará binded in politics and militarism, he was educated through hard standards and Catholic origins. When he was seven, he joined to Vila Frade Public School, learning the first steps of the basic education. In 1842 his family moved to the state of Rio Grande do Norte, because they were suffering politic pursuits. He joined in the public classes of Latin language in the old village of Maioridade. In two years he prepared himself in that language and he substituted the teacher.

In 1846, his family move back to Ceará, living in its capital. He joined to Liceu, a public school in the capital, and he finished his preparatory studies as the best student in Liceu. In 1851, the same year that his father died, he moved to Rio de Janeiro, and he joined to the Santa Casa da Misericórdia Hospital, as an apprentice. To be able to study, he gave philosophy and math classes. He took a doctor's degree in 1856 for the  Medicine College, defending the thesis: "Canker's Diagnostic". He ran for the Imperial Medicine Academy as a titular member with the thesis "Some considerations about the canker, analyzing its treatment side", he was put in possession on June 1st, 1857. In 1858 he was appointed as "lieutenant-surgeon". He was also, in the period from 1859 to 1861, editor of the "Medicine's Brazilian Annuals" of the Imperial Medicine Academy.

He married Maria Cândida de Lacerda, in November 6th, 1858, she died on March, 24th, 1863, leaving to him 2 children.
In 1861 he started his political career, he was elected as alderman in the city of Rio de Janeiro, and he had to resign from the Army's Health Department. In the Court's Council, he developed a great job in favor of the "Neutral Municipality", in favor of the humbles and needy. He was reelected for the period from 1864 to1868. He comeback to the politic in the period from 1873 to 1881, occupying many times the functions of acting president of the Court's Council, In July of 1878, he worked as Mayor, he never get help from the government for his candidatures. He was elected as general Congressman of Rio de Janeiro in 1867, but the Council was dissolved next year and Dr. Bezerra would perform his work as Congressman only in the period from 1878 to 1885, and he never had any act that let him in discredit in his public life.

He created the Railroad Company from Macaé to Campos, he created that railroad overcoming many difficulties. He bind oneself in the construction of the Santo Antônio de Pádua's railroad, he was principal of the Architectonic Company and president of São Cristóvão's Carris Urban. Through the life he accumulated many citizenship titles.
During the abolitionist campaign he wrote in a prudent and ponderous way “The slavery in Brazil and the measures to extinguish it without problems to the nation”. He showed the problems in his homeland, in the study "Short considerations about the North dryness". He still wrote celebrity biographies. He was The Reform's editor, a liberal organ of the Court, and “Freedom Sentry” newspaper's editor, finishing his political career in 1885.

He knew the Spiritism in 1875, through an example of the Spirits' Book, offered by its translator, Dr. Joaquim Carlos Travassos. The “The Reform” was published um 1883, he became its collaborator writing judicious commentaries about the Catholicism. On August of 16th of 1886, before an audience with the “best” people of the society, he proclaim solemnly his adhesion to the Spiritism, having a compliment note published by the “O Paiz” newspaper.

So he started to write books that would be very important for the spiritism. In 1889, as FEB's president, he started a methodical study about the “Spirits' Book”. He translated the book “Posthumous Works”. He kept distant from the spiritism during a trouble moment in the spiritist movement,  he only frequented the Ismael Group to study Kardec's literature, while the FEB was crossing financial problems. He was invited to assume the FEB presidency, which it's consequence was the agreement between the Federation, Ismael Group and the Needed Ones' Assistance. He was the editor-chief of the The Reform in this occasion. He defended the rights and spiritist liberty against some Penal codes' articles. He died on April 11th of 1900, after a ill period, he received a long news necrology on the first page of “O Paiz”, naming him "Brazilian eminent", and honors in the Court's Council for his conduction and recognized dignity.



"Desperation is a disease. And a desperated people, aggrieved by enormous difficulties, can get mad, like any individual. It can lose its own cognizance. This is lamentable, but it's possible to say that everything elapses of the absence of education, mainly of religious formation." (Francisco Cândido Xavier)